Phonics

The Read, Write Inc. programme is a systematic, synthetic phonics programme that explicitly teaches children to read fluently and accurately. All of the staff at Gawthorpe Community Academy are trained to deliver the Read, Write Inc phonics programme in school.

Read, Write, Inc. is a method of learning centred on letter sounds and phonics, blending them together to read and write words and using these learnt sounds in their reading and writing. Using Read, Write, Inc. the children learn to read effortlessly so that they can put all their energy into comprehending what they read. It also allows them to spell effortlessly so that they can focus on composing what they write. The children are assessed and grouped according to their ability and they work with a teacher or teaching assistant in a small group. The Reading Leader ensures that children move through the programme at a good pace and continuously assesses the children. At the end of each half term all children are assessed and then put into new groups according to their phonic knowledge and fluency when reading.

Read Write Inc. Lessons

We begin by teaching the children set 1 sounds.  Children can start blending sounds into words as soon as they know a small group of letters well. Once the children have been taught the first 5 sounds (m, a, s, d, t), they are then taught assisted blending using the sounds that they know.  During lessons children are taught to hear sounds and blend them together in sequence to make a word.  We start with blending oral sounds, then progress to reading the letters and blending them together to read the word.

Order of Teaching Sounds

In Read Write Inc phonics the individual sounds are called ‘speed sounds’ –  because we want your child to read them effortlessly.  Set 1 sounds are the single letter sounds and set 1 special friend sounds. They are taught in the following order;

m, a, s, d, t, i, n, p, g, o, c, k, u, b, f, e, l, h, sh, r, j, v, y, w, th, z, ch, qu, x, ng, nk.

There are 12 Set 2 ‘speed sounds’ that are made up of two or three letters which represent just one sound, e.g.  ay as in play, ee as in tree and igh as in high.  These are ‘special friend’ sounds.

When children are taught Set 2 sounds they will learn:

  • a simple picture prompt linked to the sound
  • a short phrase to say e.g. may I play
  • the letters that represent a sound (special friends) e.g. ay

Each sound has a list of green words linked to it, so that the children have the opportunity to sound out and blend words containing the new sound they have been taught, for example, s-p-r-ay = spray.

When learning Set 3 speed sounds the children will be taught alternative sounds/graphemes, e.g. ee as in tree and ea as in tea.

The tables below show each sound, the associated phrase and example green words for set 1 special friend sounds, set 2 and 3 sounds and additional sounds that are taught.

Set 1 ‘Special Friend’ Sounds
Sound Phrase Green Words
sh ship, shop
th thing, thin
ch chip, chop, champ
qu queen, quack, quest
ng Thing on a string thing, string, ring, king
nk I think I stink stink, think, link, sink
Set 2 Sounds
Sound Phrase Green Words
ay May I play? day, say, play, tray, today,
ee What can you see? see, feel, need, sleep, three
igh Fly high night, fight, flight, high
ow Blow the snow show, blow, flow, snow
oo Poo at the zoo zoom, moon, food, cool
oo Look at a book look, book, good, hood
ar Start the car star, bar, car, start, cart
or Shut the door sort, short, worn, horse
air That’s not fair fair, hair, chair, stair
ir Whirl and twirl whirl, twirl, shirt, skirt
ou Shout it out mouth, found, shout, loud
oy Toy for a boy toy, boy, employ, joy
Set 3 Sounds
Sound Phrase Green Words
a-e Make a cake make, cake, flake, bake
ea Cup of tea neat, real, clean, please
i-e Nice smile hide, shine, white, nice
o-e Phone home phone, bone, home, spoke
u-e Huge brute tune, rude, June, perfume
aw Yawn at dawn saw, law, raw, straw
are Share and care bare, spare, scare, flare
ur Nurse with a purse burn, turn, hurl, burp, lurk
ow Brown cow howl, down, brown, frown
oi Spoil the boy join, coin, voice, choice
ai Snail in the rain paint, train, rain, pain
e He, she, me, be, we he, she, we, be, me
oa Goat in a boat foat, throat, boat, float
ew Chew the stew Flew, blew, crew, new
er A better letter over, weather, never
ire Fire, fire spire, conspire, hire, fire
ear Hear with your ear fear, dear, gear, spear
ure Sure it’s pure picture, mixture, adventure
Additional Sounds
Sound Phrase Green Words
ue Come to the rescue rescue, blue, glue, clue
ie Terrible tie ties, tried, pie, lie
au Paul the astronaut Paul, August, author, pause
e-e Go Steve and Pete even, Steve, Pete, theme
kn Knock knock, who’s there? knight, knee, knock, knit, knot
ck Tick tock clock clock, pick, black, snack